Amplify EyeCare Manhattan Logo
Authors
Han, Sang Beom; Yang, Hee Kyung; Kim, Jonghyun; Hong, Keehoon; Lee, Byoungho; Hwang, Jeong-Min

Quantification of Stereopsis in Patients with Impaired Binocularity

publication date
Category
see more

Abstract/Introduction

Purpose 

To quantify stereopsis at distance resulting from binocular fusion in patients with impaired binocular vision using a three-dimensional (3-D) display stereotest.

 

Methods 

A total of 68 patients (age range, 6 to 85 years) with strabismus (40 esotropes and 28 exotropes) whose stereoacuity could not be measured with the near and distance Randot stereotests were included. Contour-based circles with a wide range of crossed horizontal disparities (2500 to 20 arcsec) displayed on a 3-D monitor were presented to subjects at 3 m. Between the patients who had stereoacuity of at least 2500 arcsec and those with no measurable stereoacuity, parameters including age, sex, best-corrected visual acuity, spherical equivalent refractive error, Worth 4 dot test results, and type and angle of deviation were compared.


Conclusion/Results

Results 

Stereoacuity at distance of 2500 arcsec or better was detected in 25 (63%) of 40 esotropes, and 16 (57%) of 28 exotropes, although stereoacuity of 800 arcsec or better was found only in two (5%) esotropes and one (4%) exotrope. Patients with stereopsis were significantly younger (19.3 ± 16.9 years) than those with no measurable stereopsis (31.5 ± 26.4 years) (p = 0.040). There were no significant differences in best-corrected visual acuity, presence of amblyopia >20/100, spherical equivalent refractive error, type of deviation, deviation angle, sex, and Worth 4 dot test results between these groups.

 

Conclusions 

Stereopsis at distance resulting from binocular fusion that cannot be measured with conventional stereoacuity tests may be preserved in patients with impaired binocular vision. The 3-D display stereotest can be useful for quantifying stereopsis at distance resulting from binocular fusion.


Testimonials


  • At Amplify with Dr Wernick I was seeking help for seemingly intractable, probably age-related dryness. I've seen other doctors about it, and that has been helpful, but what he explained to me about it and the careful way he answered all my questions gave me so much more of a clear understanding of what is going on (and is not) that I am more able to implement all his and others' recommendations than I was before. And he gave me additional resources for further follow-up. I am most grateful.


    Cynthia Norton

  • Wow! This is a great Eye Care medical facility. I was thoroughly examined by Dr. Pinkhasov for over 2 hours. She made sure to check my eyes for pretty much everything and patiently explained proper care for my eyes. They definitely know how to provide great care and treat their patients right. Now I know why they have such a great reputation and been around for so long.


    Steve Fay

  • Dr. Kavner is a gifted diagnostician and orthoptic therapist. He treated me several decades ago for a condition similar to dyslexia. I was having migraines five times per week. I worked with him for about a year and I experienced tremendous improvement (down to 3-4 per year) that has lasted.


    Mary K.

  • Dr. Kavner recommended two types of eye therapy for my daughter. One of them using bio-feedback. In just three sessions she is seeing considerably better. She shouted this morning: Ooh my God! I could not see these letters with my glasses on, and now I can see them without my glasses. If you are willing and able to invest in improving your vision, this is a good place to go to!


    Peter G.

  • Dr. Kavner recommended two types of eye therapy for my daughter. One of them using bio-feedback. In just three sessions she is seeing considerably better. She shouted this morning: Ooh my God! I could not see these letters with my glasses on, and now I can see them without my glasses. If you are willing and able to invest in improving your vision, this is a good place to go to!


    Kinkie F.

Blog

pexels-anna-shvets-5231283 (3)

Can I Have LASIK If I Have Keratoconus

About 1 in 2,000 people suffer from keratoconus, which typically appears in puberty and progresses into middle age. In LASIK […]

Read More
close-up-woman-putting-eye-drops

Are over the counter eye drops ideal for treating dry eye?

In the United States, dry eye disease affects 6.8% of the adult population. It depends on how severe your dry […]

Read More
medicine-health-care-eyesight-concept-unrecognizable-female-shows-her-inflated-red-eye-with-blood-capillary

What medications cause dry eye?

There are currently between 16 million and 49 million Americans who suffer from dry eyes. There are some medications that […]

Read More
see all blogs

Contact Us To Amplify Your EyeCare

Working Hours

Monday - Thursday
8:00 am - 5:15pm
friday-sunday
Closed
Location
235 East 67th Street, Suite 201, New York, New York, United States, 10065
Website Accessibility Policy
Safety protocols page
phone-handsetarrow-uparrow-right linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram